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  1. #1
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    Exclamation The Newbies Guide To Hair Care

    To better help newbies and guests, I posted the following guide. I've posted it in other forums so it might look familiar to some. Enjoy!

    The Articles

    All the articles were written by me unless stated otherwise:
    the coarse hair diary - healthy hair IS possible

    The Basics

    Protective Styles
    Protective styles are hairstyles that keep your hair off your clothes. Clothes tend to be harsh on your hair, especially the ends. Protective styling is great for retaining length. Great styles are: Flexi-rods, Rollersets, Braids, Ponytails, Phony Ponies, Sew-ins, etc.

    Stretching
    Going a while without getting a relaxer. Saves money and hair.

    Line of Demarcation
    The point where the natural hair and relaxed hair meet.

    Shrinkage
    When your hair appears to be shorter because of the tight curls of your natural hair.

    Breakage
    Broken pieces of hair with no white bulb. Can be caused by too much moisture or protein. It can also be caused by poor hair care.

    Shedding
    Strands of hair with white bulbs on the root. Hair goes through a natural shedding phase, so don't worry if you're taking care of your hair and it suddenly starts shedding a bit. If you ARE worried, try using Garlic. It's been known to stop shedding.

    The Baggy Method
    This method is simple. You moisturize your hair, seal with an oil of your choice (I love Coconut Oil), and put on a plastic cap. You can leave on for half an hour or overnight. Your choice.

    Texlaxed/Relaxurized
    Not letting the relaxer take completely to the point of being bone straight . Basically underprocessed on purpose. Great method for those who flat iron bone straight hair anyway. I've done it before and I love it. Gives your hair some thickness.

    Transitioning
    Going from permed/relaxed to natural.

    CO-Washing
    A.K.A Conditioner Only Washing. Instead of using a shampoo, which can be harsh on your precious strands, you can use a conditioner. This way, you can wash everyday if you choose.

    Pre-Pooing
    A.K.A Pre-Shampooing. This is a method used to give your hair some good treatment before washing. You can pre-poo with a protein conditioner if your hair hates deep conditioning with protein, or you can pre-poo with garlic and olive oil if you're experiencing breakage/shedding. Burt's Bees makes a good pre-poo treatment made with Avocado oil.

    Sealant
    A sealant seals in the moisture for your hair. Oils like Coconut and EVOO are usually used for sealing. Oil is made up of larger and tighter molecules than moisturizers so it keeps the moisture locked in.

    The Dominican Blowout
    A Rollerset followed by blowing out the roots with a hot ( I mean HOT) blowdryer and a round brush. I love getting blowouts when I'm stretching because it gets my straight enough for me to keep stretching.

    Scalp Massages
    Massages to the scalp that get blood flowing to help growth.

    Bumping
    Replying to a thread to move it to the top of the page.

    The Growth Aids

    Miconazole Nitrate
    Miconazole Nitrate is an ingredient found in antifungal and yeast infection creams. This ingredient has been shown to help promote hair growth so many women opt to use it as a growth aid. A popular mixture is a tube of MN and a 1/4 jar of Sulfur 8 grease. You can find MN in Monistat and Neosporin AF. Or you can use the generic stuff. Family Dollar has a good MN.

    MTG (Mane-Tail-Groom)
    It's a growth aid used for horses but also for many women. It contains Sulfur, which is a great for growth. The makers of MTG (Shapleys) have made a Human version called Sulu MAX GRO (Introducing Sulu MAX GROâ„¢).

    Boundless Tresses
    Another popular growth aid. It's similar to MTG with the Sulfur, but it doesn't contain Mineral Oil. (http://www.growthspecifics.com)

    Surge Hair Revitalizer Plus 14
    Yet another popular growth aid. It contains Biotin and Keratin proteins.

    The Answers


    Q: Does washing your hair really help growth?
    A: When your hair's clean, there's nothing stopping it from growing.

    Q: What's APL, SL, NL, MBL, EL, and WL?
    A: These are terms for lengths where the hair reaches. ArmPit Length, Shoulder Length, Neck Length, MidBack Length, Ear Length, and Waist Length.

    Q: What does hair need more... Moisture or Protein?
    A: Hair needs more moisture than protein.

    Q: Should you take vitamins?
    A: Yes! I'm anemic so I take an Iron supplement. So far, it's helping my hair. I had loss a lot a couple years ago when the anemia was at it's worst. You can take anything from Biotin, MSM, Horsetail, Prenatal Vits, etc.

    Q: Does rinsing with cold water help hair?
    A: Cold water seals the cuticle which keeps moisture in. This helps your hair stay soft and keeps bacteria and debris out of your hair.

    Q: Should I drink water EVERY day?
    A: YES! It's not only good for your hair, but also for your overall health.

    Q: Why do my temples seem revert after a relaxer?
    A: The temples/edges are a different texture than the rest of your hair. Plus it's exposed to water from daily facial washing. Very drying.

    Q: Which is better Lye or No-Lye?
    A: Lye. Lye allows the hair to hold in moisture better. No-Lye is very drying. Although some opt for it cause it less harsh on the scalp, it makes your hair "poofy" and prone to damage.

    Q: Can oils moisturize the hair?
    A: Yes. Coconut oil is one of the best oils known to moisturize hair. Jojoba is a good one too!

    Q: Where can I get stuff like glycerin/glycerine, essential oils, and vitamins?
    A: Health food stores. Or online at: Nutrition S'Mart

    The Techniques

    Deep Conditioning On Dry Hair
    A very popular way of DC'ing among BHM and LHCF members is this one. Start by applying the conditioner on your roots, shaft, and ends. Put a plastic cap on and let your hair sit under a hooded dryer for 15, 30, or 45 minutes. Rinse and apply a leave-in. The reason why, in my opinion, this works is because the hair's dry and is dampened by the conditioner so it penetrates well. (SIDENOTE- This technique is best for those who can't get protein to work with their hair.)

    Carmelization Treatment
    A great way to stretch a relaxer. It's a mixture of honey, olive oil, molasses, bananas, cornstarch, water, vinegar, and wheat germ oil. You apply it like you would a relaxer, let it sit for 30 minutes with a plastic cap on, rinse, shampoo with a sulfate-free shampoo, condition, and rollerset and/or blowdry your hair and roots. Go to: (Black Hair Media Hair Forum: Alternative to Relaxing) for more info.

    Dusting
    A VERY light trim. Cutting only the damaged strands. About 1/8 to 1/4 of an inch. Good idea if you don't want your scissor happy stylist to cut off your progress. A stylist cut 2 inches off my hair when I asked her for a light trim. *sighs*


    The Ingredients

    Moisturizers
    Whose role is to hold moisture in the hair. Usually these contain high proportions of humectants.

    Reconstructors
    Usually containing hydrolyzed protein. Their role is to penetrate the hair and strengthen its structure through polymer crosslinking.

    Acidifiers
    Acidity regulators which maintain the conditioner's pH at about 2.5–3.5. In contact with acidic environment, the hair's somewhat scaly surface tightens up, as the hydrogen bonds between the keratin molecules are strengthened.

    Detanglers
    Which modify the hair surface by pH as acidifiers, and/or by coating it with polymers, as glossers.

    Thermal protectors
    Usually heat-absorbing polymers, shielding the hair against excessive heat, caused by, e.g., blow-drying or curling irons or hot rollers.

    Glossers
    Light-reflecting chemicals which bind to the hair surface. Usually polymers, usually silicones, e.g., dimethicone or cyclomethicone.

    Oils (EFAs - essential fatty acids)
    Which can help dry/porous hair become more soft and pliable. The scalp produces a natural oil called sebum. EFAs are the closest thing to natural sebum (sebum contains EFAs).

    Lubricants
    Such as fatty alcohols, panthenol, dimethicone, etc.

    The Essential Oils

    Tea Tree (Melaleuca)
    A potent antiseptic and known antifungal agent. Stimulates blood flow.

    Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)
    Stimulates blood circulation.

    Ylang Ylang (Cananga odorata)
    Normalizes sebum secretion for skin problems.

    Peppermint (Mentha × piperita)
    High in menthol, this is used to stimulate the scalp. It is high manganese, vitamin C and vitamin A content; as well as trace amounts of various other nutrients such as fibre, iron, calcium, folate, potassium, tryptophan, magnesium, omega-3 fatty acids, riboflavin, and copper.

    The Carrier Oils

    Castor Oil
    A vegetable oil used for thickening. Sometimes added to the drug Miconazole...... Surprise, surprise.

    Sweet Almond Oil (Oleum Amygdalae)
    An effective emollient that mimics baby sebum.

    Coconut Oil (Cocos nucifera)
    The mother of all oils to me. It controls dandruff, dry skin, and even helps form a chemical barrier on the skin.
    BSL by December 2008
    MBL by February 2009
    WSL by April 2009

    The Coarse Hair Diary - Over 30 Hair Articles!
    http://coarsehair.ning.com- TCHD Network
    http://youtube.com/thecoarsehairdiary- TCHD @ YouTube

  2. #2
    Join Date
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    Default

    The Anatomy

    Growth Rate
    The number of hair that grows on the scalp, which grows at about ½ inch (13 mm) a month, averages at about 100,000-150,000. The hair shaft is composed of a protein called keratin, the cuticle, the medulla, and the cortex.

    The Cuticle
    The cuticle is the thinnest layer. It is transparent and consists of overlapping scale-like cells. It protects the cortex from chemicals.


    The Medulla
    The medulla is the core of the hair shaft and contains soft keratinised cells, which is key in helping to give hair its elasticity.


    The Cortex
    The cortex is the middle layer. It contains 75% to 80% of the hair’s protein structure. It is also where moisture and melanin (natural pigment) are held.

    Hair Formation
    Hair is formed by cell division at the base of the follicle, and is a part of a cycle of growing, resting, and shedding. The growing cycle can be as short as 2 years and as long as 10!

    The Phases

    Grow, Rest, Shed
    The anagen is the growth phase; the catagen is the intermediate phase; and the telogen is the resting or shedding phase.

    Hair growth cycle times
    The anagen phase lasts about 3 years (1000 days according to P&G) but can last up to 10 years for some. The catagen phase can last 10 to 21 days. And the telogen phase lasts up to 3 months.

    The Hair Types

    2a, 2b, 2c
    Loose curls.

    3a, 3b, 3c
    Thicker, coily curls. Alicia Keys and Tracee Ellis Ross fall into this category.

    4a, 4b
    Kinky, coily hair. 4b is the thickest. Erykah Badu and Lauryn Hill fall into this category.

    The Vitamins

    Biotin (Vitamin H)
    Biotin is helpful in cell growth, the production of fatty acids, metabolism of fats, and amino acids. It is used as a natural product to counteract the problem of hair loss in both adults and children. Biotin is also used to help with seborrheic dermatitis. It has been known to cause breakouts in some.

    Vitamin A
    Helps aid in the growth of skin cells. Also helps maintain healthy skin, hair, and mucous membranes.

    Vitamin B12
    Has been known to prolong the growing phase.

    The Colors

    Semi-Permanent
    Lasts through 8-12 shampoos. I've done a few.

    Demi-Permanent
    Lasts through 28 shampoos.

    Permanent
    Pretty self-explanatory. Lasts until you grow it out or recolor. A good product for permanent dying, in my opinion, is Bigen (Hoyu - Bigen & Xpressive). You can find it at your local BSS.

    Cellophane
    A color rinse that acts as a conditioner and adds shine. Used primarily in Dominican salons.

    Henna
    A powder used in body art that is also used for hair coloring.
    The Hair Books

    The Black Woman's Guide To Beautiful Hair: A Positive Approach To Managing Any Hair Type And Style
    by Lisa Akbari
    Awesome book for those who are just starting out.

    Healthy Hair Care Tips For Today's Black Woman
    by Cheryl T. Moss
    Get a few tips you'll never forget. Good read.

    Beautiful Black Hair: Real Solutions To Real Problems
    by Shamboosie
    A little pushy with the Nexxus and Dudley products, but still a good book. Learn the do's and dont's of applying a relaxer.

    Ultra Black Hair Growth II: Another 6 Inches
    by Cathy Howse
    The original black hair care book. Tons of information to help you grow your hair.

    The Acronyms


    AO- Aubrey Organics

    ACV- Apple Cider Vinegar

    BC- Big Chop

    BHM- Black Hair Media

    BSS- Beauty Supply Store

    BTW- By The Way

    CON- Creme of Nature


    EFA- Essential fatty acids

    ETA- Edited To Add

    EVOO- Extra Virgin Olive Oil

    HHG- Happy Hair Growing

    HTH- Hope This Helps

    IMO- In My Opinion

    ITA- I Too Agree

    LHCF- Long Hair Care Forum

    LF- Lacefront

    NG- New Growth

    OP- Original Poster

    PJ- Product Junkie

    PM- Private Message

    TIA- Thanks In Advance

    TWA- Teeny Weeny Afro

    WGO- Wild Growth Oil

    The Necessities

    Moisturizing shampoo
    For this I'd go with a sulfate-free shampoo. Sulfates are found in regular shampoos (i.e Ammonium Lauryl Sulfate, Sodium Laureth Sulfate ). You can use Creme of Nature which has no sulfates or many other shampoos just like it.

    Moisturizing/protein conditioner
    Your regular conditioner after a shampoo wash. See The Products for suggestions.

    Moisturizing/protein treatment
    Aussie 3 minute Miracle Deep Treatment is a moisture treatment. Nexxus KerapHix is a protein treatment. You can use whichever one depending on what your hair needs.

    Leave-in conditioner/treatment
    A conditioner or moisturizer used last. I always use a leave-in since I airdry.

    Moisturizer (water based)
    Why water based? Other non-water based moisturizers are heavy. Water based moisturizers are light which is great for your hair.

    Natural/Essential oils
    Natural oils like Coconut, Olive, Sweet Almond, and Jojoba. Essential oils like Rosemary, Peppermint, and Tea Tree.

    Satin scarf/bonnet
    For nightly hair tying.

    Seamless comb
    Regular combs have seams that can rip out strands of your hair. Seamless combs are seamless, so no breakage.

    Plastic cap/bags or sandwich bags
    For deep conditioning. You can deep condition for 10 to 15 minutes under a dryer or without heat for an hour.

    Vitamins
    You can take a multivitamin, Biotin, Iron, Horsetail, MSM, Vitamin B12 Complex, Hair/Skin/And Nail Vitamins, Prenatal Vitamins, etc.

    Empty spray bottle
    It's for your own hair concoctions. Mix together glycerin and water, MN and Sulfur 8 Grease with a little bit of Coconut Oil, etc. It's up to you.


    WATER, WATER, WATER!
    64 ounces a day does your hair good.

    The Products


    Great Moisturizing Shampoos

    • Creme of Nature Ultra Moisturizing Shampoo (Green and Yellow)
    • Neutrogena Triple Moisture Cream Lather Shampoo
    • Nexxus Therappe Shampoo
    • ORS Creamy Aloe Shampoo


    Great Conditioners
    • ORS Replenishing Pak/Conditioner (Moisture & light protein)
    • Aussie 3 minute Miracle Deep Moisture Treatment (Moisture)
    • Aubrey Organics Honeysuckle Rose Conditioner (Moisture)
    • Suave Humectant (Moisture)
    • Nexxus Hydra Sleek (Moisture)
    • KeraCare Humecto (Moisture)



    Leave-In Treatments
    • Neutrogena Triple Moisture Silk Touch Leave-in Cream
    • S-Curl Instant "No Drip" Activator Moisturizer
    • L'Oreal Nature's Therapy Unfrizz Smoothing Treatment
    • Kids Organics Shea Butter Detangling Hair Lotion ( Amazing!)


    Great Daily Moisturizers
    • Kids Organics Shea Butter Detangling Hair Lotion
    • S-Curl Instant "No Drip" Activator Moisturizer
    • 3/4 Glycerin/Glycerine & 1/4 Water/Rosewater
    • Any Braid Spray...



    I will update this thread often so check back.
    BSL by December 2008
    MBL by February 2009
    WSL by April 2009

    The Coarse Hair Diary - Over 30 Hair Articles!
    http://coarsehair.ning.com- TCHD Network
    http://youtube.com/thecoarsehairdiary- TCHD @ YouTube

  3. #3
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    Default

    Wow!!! Thanks for this information. I am always so confused when it comes to acronyms, forum lingos, etc. Plus I am new to the hair care industry too! still trying to learn terms and stuff.

  4. #4
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    Quote Originally Posted by sheshe View Post
    Wow!!! Thanks for this information. I am always so confused when it comes to acronyms, forum lingos, etc. Plus I am new to the hair care industry too! still trying to learn terms and stuff.
    You're welcome, hun! When I first started off, it was pretty frustrating trying to figure out what stuff like ACV and DH meant so I know the feeling. If you ever have any questions, feel free to PM me.
    BSL by December 2008
    MBL by February 2009
    WSL by April 2009

    The Coarse Hair Diary - Over 30 Hair Articles!
    http://coarsehair.ning.com- TCHD Network
    http://youtube.com/thecoarsehairdiary- TCHD @ YouTube

  5. #5

    Default

    GReat, great, great!! Thanks ! So does that iron supplement, can it be purchased otc? or do you have a prescription one. I think I need iron.

  6. #6
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    Quote Originally Posted by browneyedgirl View Post
    GReat, great, great!! Thanks ! So does that iron supplement, can it be purchased otc? or do you have a prescription one. I think I need iron.
    Yeah, you can buy an Iron supplement at GNC, Wal-Mart or Walgreens. It helps a bunch.
    BSL by December 2008
    MBL by February 2009
    WSL by April 2009

    The Coarse Hair Diary - Over 30 Hair Articles!
    http://coarsehair.ning.com- TCHD Network
    http://youtube.com/thecoarsehairdiary- TCHD @ YouTube

  7. #7

    Default

    Thanks! This is some good info. I really could use that info about sealing for my ends. It is very thorough and clear. Oh, and the Hair Types is soooooo helpful with the examples.
    Last edited by denalove; 07-08-2008 at 03:35 PM.
    Healthy Relaxed Journey 2014
    Hairfinity Challenge 2014


    2014 BRICK HOUSE CHALLENGE

    Proverbs 31:30 Charm is deceptive, and beauty is fleeting; but a woman who fears the LORD is to be praised!

  8. #8
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    Default

    Oh! Good post! The best! Boy,very well organized! Your hair is gorgeous, BTW
    Last edited by kara; 07-08-2008 at 07:58 PM.

  9. #9
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    Default

    ITA.. thanks good info .. it will definately help me (and newbies!)
    Its all my opinion, or knowledge
    Don't be offended
    Hair id 4BNLBSL/APLTL
    explanation? Hair ID

    Stretch (weeks):
    • 18
    • 20
    • 23
    • 17
    • 15
    • 16

    Salon weaveless since March '08

    My growth buddy ...Love,me

  10. #10
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    Default

    Girl I love you for this, imma put this on my blog! thanks =]
    *Updated Jan 21st '09* --> MY Fotki http://public.fotki.com/sunshyn3
    My Blog --> http://hairlicious.blogspot.com

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